Article on moral values

How not to teach values - alfie kohn

How not to teach values - alfie kohn
How not to teach values a critical look at character education. Teachers and schools tend to mistake good behavior for good character.

First, the question of whether the external, objective universe exists is a question of ontology is there a real world that really exists outside of my own mind? Is there really a chair in my kitchen, or is this just a figment of my imagination? This question, like the question of the existence of objective moral values, is independent of epistemology how we know that such a world exists. In the very same way, a person might deny the existence of objective good and evil and could still choose to live a moral life. If objective moral values exist, then this statement would be true even if the nazis had won world war ii and had convinced every human being in the entire world that the holocaust was good. Even in the face of violence we still have the possibility of law and order to save the day or to punish us for our actions. We might reject this intuition because our worldview tells us that it must be an illusion.

Indeed, cultures throughout history and across the world have affirmed many of the same moral values that we profess today (murder is wrong, theft is wrong, lying is wrong, etc. What if after you shoot the big one, you investigate only to find its a dad and his sondaughter, and all they wanted was to ask for some water? Not everyone is out to kill or steal from you. Viewing the world as it is, and not trying to apply good times logic to a situation doesnt make one a basic animal. And since guilt has no objective basis in a moral reality, it is nothing but an extremely unpleasant illusion. If you take away a different lesser need like safety, even though they still have their family, the drive to defend that family will cause the sweetest little girl to become a viscous momma bear.

Our morals offer an internal code of conduct that we abide by in almost every situation because in a given day, i would presume to guess that not many of us have any opportunities that arise that would challenge our morals or cause us to need to act in a way contradictory to those values. However, the question is not whether the evidence in support of the premise can be avoided, but whether there exists in fact, i believe that while there are many good reasons to accept the existence of objective moral values, there are no good reasons to deny the existence of objective moral values. If you agree with, you cant save everyone then you maybe , at least unconsciously that we will probably be basic animals ( food, shelter, protection of our children and ourselves ) for a time during the collapse. The fastest, luckiest and emotionally coldest will probably rule the day. If a child asks his parent why he should not hit his sister, i find it hard to believe that the moral relativist would answer because of self-interest. The problem with this view of morality (and ayan rands) is that it is based on humanistic philosophy. The amorality pill would set you free from the illusory shackles of morality to pursue your own happiness, utterly indifferent to the pain and misery of others. It seems to me that unless you are so remote that no stranger walks down your drive, that each of us will be forced to either lose, modify, or suspend our moral compasses. This intuition is just as strong in us as our intuition that the objective universe exists or that we have free will. Thinking through these situations is one way to prepare but so is gaining knowledge in the form of skills and stocking up on supplies.

Will your moral values survive the end


Do objective moral values exist? What is the evidence for the existence of objective moral values.

Why not shoplift? Why not cheat on your taxes? Why not drive away from the fender-bender if no one noticed? No doubt some of the responses of moral relativists can be explained by fear of detection. Do you preemtively shoot them when the veer out of the street and up your yard? This is what many folks here and on other sites profess to be an attack. His latest question caught my attention with one of the answers being will modern moral values survive shtf? We talk so often about survival situations and life after some i think the subject of morals is one that we skirt around all the time, but never really delve into too deeply. If i fail to do these things then i have not changed my morals, ive violated them. Consider the development of the natural sciences over the last four centuries.

To my surprise, i found very little information on the internet presenting evidence for moral realism, in spite of the fact that it is the majority position of academic philosophers. The question i am asking is not whether our lives are consistent with our beliefs, but whether our beliefs are true or false! A very helpful extended analogy can be made by comparing the existence of objective moral values to the existence of the external objective universe. When first comes anarchychaos then its you or them. In the melian dialogue thucydides quotes an athenian envoy attempting to coerce another city-state to help them fight a 27-year war against sparta (which they ended up losing horribly) as, right, as the world goes, is only in question between equals in power, while the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must. Nor would the parent say because i am bigger than you and will punish you if you disobey.

But no one can bring an objective charge against us because there is no objective charge to bring. You can see this in my home city of detroit already (and for the last 30-50 years) where government ability and desire has retreated to the financial core and left most of the territory a near-lawless, empty, desiccated shell of what it used to be. In contrast, the position of moral relativism commits one to the proposition that moral statements like, the holocaust was evil, are subjective. But what if there were? What if there were some standard of objective good and evil such that all of our betrayals, slights, and cruelties were moral abominations? What if our whole life could be compared against some perfectly good moral standard? Suddenly we see the charms of moral relativism. But you will still not solve your problem. Can you understand the tremendous psychological pressure that he experiences to find ways of dismissing the error? We might hope that his commitment to truth would win out over his personal feelings. Indeed, i will go a bit farther than the original premise and will argue not only that objective moral values exist, but that we have immediate, intuitive knowledge of their existence. In this section, i will provide a few reasons for accepting the premise that objective moral values do exist. . Now lets imagine that we faced the same choice, but could also choose to have the memory of our action erased (i think about ciphers bargain with the machines in the matrix).

Life as a teacher list of moral values for